Once a violent hot D-Class world, hundreds of years of terraforming efforts have turned this world into a temperate E-Class tropical paradise. Venus, the second planet in the Sol System now has a mean temperature of around 25 °C (82 °F) and a day length of 23 hours and 28 minutes and an atmospheric pressure of 0.9.
The first humans to ‘settle’ Venus in 2042 were scientists who lived on small floating dirigible cities high above the clouds. They studied the planet for decades. Finally humans had the technology to begin terraforming the death world.
It began in 2065 with orbital bombardment. Humans began moving asteroids into orbit and slamming them at an angle to speed up the planets rotation. Half of these were massive ice asteroids while the other half were carbon asteroids, both of which helped introduce water vapor into Venus’s atmosphere. At the same time massive reflective mirrors were deployed within the planet’s atmosphere to cool the planet’s atmosphere. Slowly the planet began to cool and speed up. As it was too much work to reverse the planet's retrograde rotation they left it, meaning that when seen from the surface, Sol rises from west to east.
As human technology advanced, so did the methods for terraforming. By the year 2300, Venus had a barely breathable atmosphere of 0.9 atmospheres and a day length of around thirty days. By this time the technology to move other worlds had become so advanced that it was now possible to move Mercury into orbit of Venus, which was done. This greatly helped improve the day/night cycle to stabilize.
By the year 2500 Venus had become a virtual tropical paradise. The mainland, the continent of Aphrodite, is where the majority of humans live on Venus.
As stated above, the mainland of Venus, the equatorial continent of Aphrodite, is where the majority of the 5.2 billion descendants of the first human colonists live. Many of the first colonists to begin to settle the planet came from many of the equatorial Earth countries, like Africa, Central and South America, and Oceania. Of course many others came to live there as well, but most came from those areas. Over the many thousands of years, the Venusian’s skin has darkened to accommodate the increase in sunlight.
Thanks to careful planning, many cities on Venus do not give off much light pollution at all, leaving the night side of the planet mostly dark.
Venus, being closer to the Sun, is a largely warm tropical world. Due to the lower gravity, transplanted tropical trees grow taller than they would on Earth; animals are also more agile and taller. Venus also has more of a cloud cover than Earth does, most of which are large rainstorms.
Venus does have a few deserts which is where many Arab colonists set up their own caravans.